February 14th -18th 2022
The Bryozoa are possibly not probably the most well-known of animals, so let’s begin with a fast rundown: Bryozoa, also called Polyzoa, Ectoprocta, or moss animals (mosdyr, på norsk) are a phylum of aquatic invertebrates. Bryozoans, along with phoronids and brachiopods, have a particular feeding construction known as a lophophore, a “crown” of hole tentacles used for filter feeding, which you’ll be able to see in motion within the video Tine captured:
In Norway we’ve got 292 species registered, of which 281 are marine (Kunnskapsstatus for artsmangfoldet 2020, pdf right here). It’s estimated that the precise variety of species current is increased. Additional, a number of identified species are thought of “door knocker species” which will set up right here throughout the subsequent 50 years.
Bryozoa principally stay in colonies made up of tiny particular person animals known as zooids, which develop in a wide range of shapes, and a few of them present structural habitats for different species. They’re meals for a lot of different animals, specifically nudibranchs, fish, sea urchins, pycnogonids, crustaceans, mites and starfish. Marine bryozoans are sometimes accountable for biofouling on ships’ hulls, on docks and marinas, and on offshore constructions. They’re among the many first colonizers of recent or just lately cleaned constructions, and will hitchhike to new locations with marine visitors. (Bonus: they’ve a brilliant attention-grabbing fossil report, and this can be utilized to inform us extra in regards to the world in the best way again!)
They’re one of many focus teams of Hardbunnsfauna: there’s nonetheless loads we have no idea about them!
Planning in a pandemic just isn’t simple, and we’ve got needed to postpone our plans for this gathering a number of instances. The second week of February we may lastly collect our “Staff Bryozoa” right here in Bergen for per week of in-depth research of those fascinating animals.
In whole we had been 11 individuals;
College Museum of Bergen: Endre, Jon, Tom and Katrine,
Pure Historical past Museum in Oslo: Lee Hsiang and Mali,
NTNU College Museum: Torkild, Tine (MSc. pupil) and Tiril (MSc. pupil),
and our two guests from overseas:
from the Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences got here Piotr,
and from the Heriot Watt College (Orkney Campus), Joanne.
The primary focus of the workshop was to get as many samples and species as attainable recognized, work although the DNA barcode vouchers from samples submitted upfront and attain a consensus on which species the doubtful ones had been, to community with our colleagues, and to incorporate the scholars within the work and the staff. All of it went swimmingly, and a we had a really productive and satisfying week!
We arrange camp on Espegrend Marine Organic station, and mixed lengthy days within the lab learning materials collected all through the undertaking with shorter journeys out on R/V Hans Brattstrøm.
Right here we collected stay colonies, launched the scholars to varied accumulating strategies, and let everybody catch some contemporary fjord air.
Tine is doing her grasp thesis on the species distribution of Bryozoa in shallow water alongside the Norwegian coast.
Throughout the workshop she obtained the prospect to have a few of the tough species identifications verified by the specialists, and he or she ready a plate of 95 tissue samples that might be DNA barcoded although NorBOL.
We additionally had Tiril with us, who’s simply beginning out on what is going to develop into a thesis on ascidians (sea squirts), almost certainly with a deal with species within the genus Botryllus and Botrylloides.
She labored along with Tom, getting acquainted with the literature and the strategies used for engaged on the group. Like Tine, she might be utilizing a mixture of conventional morphology based mostly strategies and genetic knowledge.
Going ahead we’ll first ship the plate of tissue samples to CCDB to be sequenced, fingers crossed for good outcomes! Throughout the week, *so many* samples had been recognized, so we will definitely be getting ready extra plates in the course of the spring. All of the recognized samples might be included into the scientific collections of the museum.
Thanks a lot to all of the individuals for his or her efforts!